PoultryUSA - May 2018 - 32
32 ❙ WATTPoultryUSA
What will the broiler of the
future look like?
Throughout the years, genetics developments
achieved a heavier broiler with greater breast meat
yield and greater feed efficiency. Will this trend
continue in the future?
CINDY BURGOS ALVARADO
The broiler of 2017 is much advanced from the bird of 30 years
ago, but will the bird of the future
follow this trend of genetic advancement?
What could change in the next eight years?
Dr. Patricio Liberona, director of veterinary
services for South America's Southern Cone for
Hubbard, said the broiler of the future will be more
efficient, heavier, with better feed conversion and
yielding more, higher-quality meat. But this
doesn't mean the genetic focus will only be
about developing bigger birds that grow faster. Liberona spoke on September 29, 2017,
as part of the 25th Latin American Poultry
Congress in Guadalajara, Mexico.
Changes in the market are already demanding
birds that are slow growing, organic, ecological or
raised on pasture. Liberona said the market is already
paying more for this kind of chicken and
this trend will only get stronger by 2025.
With both perspectives in mind,
Liberona gave details of what, in his
judgement, the broiler of the future will
Examples of Hubbard's premium,
slower-growing broiler products.
Demand for premium poultry products will
grow in the US in the future. Courtesy of Hubbard
Outlook for the conventional market
In the conventional market, Liberona said the bird
will continue to evolve as technology advances, but
only as far as the animal's genetics permit.
Showing graphics detailing the evolution of the
bird up to 2016, he projected that the broiler will
continue growing by about 40 grams to 50 grams
per generation, in continuation of what's happened
up until this point.
"How long will weight keep growing? And at what
cost? The quality of the meat already has some problems," Liberona said. "We are going to have to wait
and see what will happen in 2025 or develop programs
that help to diminish risks."
In the future, broilers will be more efficient in terms
of feed conversion. As of 2016, the genetic improvement
in feed conversion is about 1.7 points per year.
"This is fantastic, but when is conversion going to
be one to one? At which age? With what kind of feed?
What are feed costs going to be in 2025?" Liberona
asked, raising the issue of the other factors that will
likely influence production.
Additionally, he projected there will be greater
breast meat yield in conventional birds. As of 2016,
yield is increasing by about 0.27 percent to 0.42 percent each year in males and females.
"We are sure that in 2025, yield is going to be much
better than it is now, but at what cost and at what risk to
the physiological limits of the chicken?" Liberona said.
www.WATTAgNet.com ❙ May 2018