Poultry USA - September 2019 - 40

40 ❙ WATTPoultryUSA
WATER
■ An excess of protein increases

consumption
■ Sodium and potassium increase
consumption
■ Vegetable diets increase
consumption
■ Coarse feed particle size and
pellets reduce water consumption
■ Elevated bird density increases
consumption
■ Other factors such as bird sex, feed
restriction, air flow in the house,
use of anticoccidials, use of more
feeding phases or non-starch polysaccharides, have different effects
and may result in an increase or
decrease in water consumption.

Drinkers
Nipple drinkers differ, and
different products deliver varying
amounts of water. Consult the

manufacturer for the actual water
flow per drinker.
The height of the drinker line
in a high temperature environment
affects water consumption. The
higher the nipples, the lower the
consumption in high temperatures.
In this scenario, the chicken has to
choose between drinking water and
breathing.
Penz gave an example of a
27,000-bird poultry house, with a
pipe length of 120 meters (393.7
feet) and a diameter of 2 centimeters
(0.79 inches). If all chickens drink
water on their first day on the farm,
the system will recharge every 240
minutes, or recirculate six times a
day. With this, water can enter the
house at 15 C (59 F) and leave at
more than 30 C (86 F).
The second day, it takes 180

Water and broiler chicks' first seven days:
www.WATTAgNet.com/articles/14927

Mário Penz, Cargill Animal
Nutrition Benjamín Ruiz
minutes to recharge, and there are eight
recirculations. By the seventh day, it
increases to 17 recirculations. Penz said
flushing the water system is absolutely
essential during the first week.

Water quality
It is fundamental to analyze water
and verify the following chemical
and microbiological parameters:
■ Total dissolved solids (TDS):
At less than 1,000 milligrams
per liter, practically no other
mineral analysis is necessary.
TDS measures the inorganic

www.WATTAgNet.com ❙ September 2019


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Poultry USA - September 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Poultry USA - September 2019

Poultry USA - September 2019
Contents
Consumers: Sustainability is as important as welfare
Wet spring sparks fear of feed cost spike
Wayne Farms grows and diversifies in changing market
To control coccidia, control litter moisture
Global meat production to see largest ever decline in 2019
Identifying biomarkers for poultry intestinal health
In research and reality slower-growing birds cost more
Water: The first thing to take care of in poultry production
3 poultry technology innovations to watch
Product Review
Market Place
Poultry USA - September 2019 - CT1
Poultry USA - September 2019 - CT2
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Poultry USA - September 2019
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Cover2
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Contents
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Consumers: Sustainability is as important as welfare
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 3
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 4
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 5
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Wet spring sparks fear of feed cost spike
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 7
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 8
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 9
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 10
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 11
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Wayne Farms grows and diversifies in changing market
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 13
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 14
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 15
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 16
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 17
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 18
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 19
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 20
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 21
Poultry USA - September 2019 - To control coccidia, control litter moisture
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 23
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 24
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 25
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 26
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 27
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Global meat production to see largest ever decline in 2019
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 29
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Identifying biomarkers for poultry intestinal health
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 31
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 32
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 33
Poultry USA - September 2019 - In research and reality slower-growing birds cost more
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 35
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 36
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 37
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Water: The first thing to take care of in poultry production
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 39
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 40
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 41
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 42
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 43
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 3 poultry technology innovations to watch
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 45
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Product Review
Poultry USA - September 2019 - 47
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Market Place
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Cover3
Poultry USA - September 2019 - Cover4
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