Poultry USA - February 2020 - 47

WATTPoultryUSA

manufacturers come from outside Europe. Ukraine is a
common source of organic wheat, for example.
Protein raw materials are a further challenge. The
majority of organic soybean meal currently comes
from China, as does organic sunflower meal, used for
its protein, energy and fiber contribution.

Additive issues
There is a wide range of additives
available to nutritionists - enzymes,
probiotics, phytochemicals, essential
oils - but, for those producing organic
feed, the options are very limited. Some
of these products will be ruled out of
organic diets due to the use of synthetic
carriers or their production methods,
e.g., solvent extraction or GMOs. Others
are maybe entirely naturally derived but
lack the relevant organic accreditation.
Unfortunately, due to the small
size of the organic market, many
additive manufacturers don't have
organic certification. While there
are positive lists for ingredients
in organic feed, they can be listed
separately and may be different
for different accreditation bodies
and countries.
Combination additives can also
be an issue. For instance, the addition of a specific organic acid may
be allowed, but including a blend would need specific
approval. There are no heat-stable phytase products
approved as organic, although certain carbohydrases
are available. This means that choices to improve
digestibility and efficiency are also limited.
To ensure animal welfare, antibiotics are allowed
to be used in organic diets when animals are sick. A
veterinary prescription and derogation for the organic
certification body are required. The withdrawal period

for medications, such as wormers, is often longer for
organic production and the number of times they can
be used in a flock is restricted.

Ingredients used in organic monogastric diets
In Europe, organic broilers are limited on growth
rates, e.g., 50 grams a day. For this reason, energy
levels and ratio to protein need to be managed. Slower
growing breeds are used, which helps somewhat with
the challenge of meeting methionine requirements. For
this reason, fish meal is used alongside soybean meal,
which results in organic broiler diets oversupplying
protein by 2 to 3%, which has implications for cost
and efficiency.
There is also, by necessity, less room for fiber than
in conventional diets and more soy is used.
Meanwhile, feed manufacturers see reductions in
price differences between organic and conventional
pig diets. One of the reasons is that there is more corn
available as growers convert to organic along with a
wider variety of raw materials available. Other main
ingredients include barley, wheat, lucerne, sunflower,
soy and peas.
As for broilers, the main challenge is methionine,
so again fishmeal is used, particularly in starter
diets. Similarly, this will lead to an oversupply of
protein - typically 1 to 2%. These diets need to be
more nutrient-dense and will often require the use of
a small percentage of non-organic ingredients, such
as sweet whey.
Barley will be used preferentially at 25 to 30%,
along with wheat and 25 to 30% corn - balanced
according to least cost formulation. Starter diets
contain 5 to 10% fish meal reducing in later diets due
to costs and the potential to taint meat. So, these diets
contain 20 to 25% soy expeller. Structural fiber is
important, although less so as animals have the opportunity to forage, e.g., sunflower will be used in sow
diets to improve satiety.
The main objectives remain, meeting basic nutrient

Challenges of EU organic poultry feed requirements: https://bit.ly/36Fd5X4
February 2020 ❙ www.WATTAgNet.com

❙ 47


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Poultry USA - February 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Poultry USA - February 2020

Poultry USA - February 2020
Contents
Popeyes’ chicken sandwich is great! Will people switch?
McDonald’s launches new bid to compete in chicken sandwich wars
Could avian flu-resistant chickens be a commercial reality?
Digital technology could streamline the poultry supply chain
ASF drives global poultry market in 2020
Could deboning machinery beat a skilled worker?
How to ensure a clean water supply in the broiler house
Woody breast discovery could offer options for control
Prevention, risk minimization keep foreign materials out
Dark meat is chicken’s next growth engine
Consumers still want value, convenience and flavor
What feed formulators need to know about organic rations
Midwest Poultry Federation Convention 2020: Poultry’s future
Product Review
Market Place
Ad Index
Poultry USA - February 2020 - CT1
Poultry USA - February 2020 - CT2
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Poultry USA - February 2020
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Cover2
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Contents
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Popeyes’ chicken sandwich is great! Will people switch?
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 3
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 4
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 5
Poultry USA - February 2020 - McDonald’s launches new bid to compete in chicken sandwich wars
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 7
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 8
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 9
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 10
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 11
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Could avian flu-resistant chickens be a commercial reality?
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 13
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 14
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 15
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Digital technology could streamline the poultry supply chain
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 17
Poultry USA - February 2020 - ASF drives global poultry market in 2020
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 19
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 20
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 21
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Could deboning machinery beat a skilled worker?
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 23
Poultry USA - February 2020 - How to ensure a clean water supply in the broiler house
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 25
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 26
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 27
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Woody breast discovery could offer options for control
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 29
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Prevention, risk minimization keep foreign materials out
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 31
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 32
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 33
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 34
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 35
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Dark meat is chicken’s next growth engine
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 37
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 38
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 39
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 40
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 41
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Consumers still want value, convenience and flavor
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 43
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 44
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 45
Poultry USA - February 2020 - What feed formulators need to know about organic rations
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 47
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 48
Poultry USA - February 2020 - 49
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Midwest Poultry Federation Convention 2020: Poultry’s future
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Product Review
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Ad Index
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Cover3
Poultry USA - February 2020 - Cover4
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